Workshop on X-Ray Fluorescence Physics

Dates: August 26 - 27, 2013 (Mumbai) August 29 – 30, 2013 (Delhi)



Introduction: This workshop provided an important and focused opportunity for participants to learn about the application of portable XRF Technology in analysis of all materials important to art and archaeology and gain hands on training to use the ‘Tracer’, a state of the art portable XRF analysis system designed specifically for the analysis of these complex elementally non uniform materials, used worldwide. The system is in use in over 1000 museums and universities worldwide. It is also used by over 2500 archaeologist in the field.

Objective: This two day program provided participants with a fundamental knowledge of the physics of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and how to apply this technique to elemental analysis of all materials important to art and Archaeology. It trained participants in the use of handheld XRF Systems through hands- on analysis of two masterpieces, ‘The Sword of Damocles’ by Antoine Dubost, an oil painting and the ‘Anvar-I-Suhayli’, a tempera painting of national importance from the Royal atelier of Emperor Akbar. Participants also brought their own material for analysis which made the session personal and interactive.

XRF instruments will be available for the attendees to use at the workshop and thereafter for two weeks at the site. Attendees were provided with software for spectral evaluation and extensive documentation.

Topics of this workshop:

(i) X- ray Theory and Technology (ii) Fundamentals of X- ray Interaction Physics (iii) X- ray Analysis Software Operation (iv) Analysis Optimization (v) Low Mass Analysis (vi) Random Element Optimization (vii) Quantification Spread Sheet Calibration Process

Fees: No fee was charged from the selected participants. Participants made their own arrangements for travel and stay.

Dates: August 26 - 27, 2013 (Mumbai)

          August 29 – 30, 2013 (Delhi)

Time: 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM

Venue: CSMVS Museum Art Conservation Centre, 159-161 M.G. Road. Fort, Mumbai-400023.


            Delhi – Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts

Workshop Team

  • Dr. Bruce Kaiser, Chief Scientist, Bruker AXS
  • Dr. Lee Drake, Applications Scientist, Bruker Elemental
  • Dr. Aviva Burntock, Head of the Department of Conservation & Technology, Courtauld Institute of Art
  • Mr. Anupam Sah, Head of Art Conservation, Research and Training, CSMVS Museum Art Conservation Centre

Participants: This event was open to individuals in art conservation, scientific research and related field from India.